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Sumatran Coffee: A Journey through Fragrance, Flavor, and Tradition

Indonesia, with its rich coffee heritage, is home to a treasure trove of coffee varieties that tantalize the senses and delight the palate. Among these, Sumatran coffee stands as a testament to the country’s dedication to producing some of the finest coffee beans in the world. FnB Tech, a Sumatran coffee exporter company, hails from this remarkable region and takes pride in offering the world a taste of Indonesia’s coffee excellence.

Characteristics that Define Sumatran Coffee

Sumatran coffee is distinguished by its unique characteristics that make it a sought-after choice among coffee connoisseurs worldwide.

1. Fragrance/Aroma: Fresh and Nutty

The first encounter with Sumatran coffee often begins with its captivating fragrance. It exudes a fresh, inviting aroma that combines the earthiness of the region’s terroir with subtle nutty notes, promising an exceptional coffee experience.

2. Flavor: Herbal, Spicy, and Mild Caramel

As the brewed Sumatran coffee graces your taste buds, you embark on a flavor journey that’s both distinctive and memorable. The herbal and spicy undertones intermingle harmoniously, offering a rich and complex flavor profile. To add to the delight, a touch of mild caramel sweetness lingers, providing a perfect balance of tastes.

3. Acidity: Medium


Sumatran coffee boasts a medium acidity level, which contributes to its well-rounded flavor. The acidity is not overpowering, allowing the other flavor elements to shine through and create a delightful cup of coffee.

4. Body: Medium to High

The body of Sumatran coffee is a testament to its quality. Ranging from medium to high, the body gives the coffee a substantial and satisfying mouthfeel. It’s a coffee that can stand up to various brewing methods and remains consistently satisfying.

Exploring the Origin and Production

To truly understand Sumatran coffee, it’s crucial to delve into its origins and the meticulous production process that brings it to life.

1. Time from Flowers to Be Berry: 9 Months


The journey of a coffee bean in Sumatra is a patient one. From the bloom of the coffee flower to the formation of the ripe coffee berry, it takes approximately nine months. This extended maturation period contributes to the rich flavors and aromas found in Sumatran coffee.

2. Production (Kg/Ha): 800 to 1500


The production of Sumatran coffee varies but maintains a commendable standard. Coffee plantations in Sumatra yield between 800 to 1500 kilograms per hectare, showcasing the productivity and dedication of local coffee farmers.

3. Optimal Temperature: 13 to 28°C


Sumatran coffee thrives in a temperate climate, with an optimal temperature range of 13 to 28°C. This region-specific climate plays a vital role in shaping the unique characteristics of these coffee beans.

4. Altitude: 1200 to 1500 from Sea Level (asl)


The altitude at which coffee is grown can significantly impact its flavor profile. Sumatran coffee flourishes at altitudes ranging from 1200 to 1500 meters above sea level (asl), where the cool mountain air and volcanic soil contribute to its exceptional taste.

5. Country of Origin: Indonesia


Sumatran coffee proudly carries the banner of Indonesia as its country of origin. This archipelagic nation has a long history of cultivating and exporting coffee, with Sumatra being one of its most prominent coffee-producing regions.

6. Production Areas: Aceh (Takengon, Bener Meriah, Angkup, Sukarame, Bies, Jagung, Sabun, Pondokbaru)


Within Sumatra, Aceh province stands as a coffee-producing powerhouse. The subregions of Takengon, Bener Meriah, Angkup, Sukarame, Bies, Jagung, Sabun, and Pondokbaru are renowned for their coffee cultivation, each contributing to the diverse flavor profiles of Sumatran coffee.

7. Caffeine Content: 0.8 to 1.4%


The caffeine content of Sumatran coffee falls within the range of 0.8 to 1.4%, which is relatively moderate. This caffeine level complements the coffee’s other characteristics, ensuring a balanced and enjoyable cup.

8. Character Stew: Acid & Chocolate


Sumatran coffee can be likened to a flavorful stew, where the acidity and chocolate notes blend seamlessly. This combination creates a coffee experience that’s both bold and comforting, making it an ideal choice for those seeking a distinctive and memorable brew.

9. Method of Harvest: Mechanical and Hand Pick


The harvesting of Sumatran coffee beans is a blend of tradition and modernity. Coffee cherries are carefully hand-picked by skilled farmers, ensuring that only the ripest cherries are selected. In some cases, mechanical harvesting methods are employed to efficiently gather the precious harvest.

10. Processing Method: Semi-wash Method


Sumatran coffee undergoes a semi-wash processing method. This method involves pulping the coffee cherries to remove the outer layers and then allowing the beans to ferment naturally. It’s a method that retains the bean’s unique flavors while enhancing its overall quality.

Sumatran Coffee: A Taste of Tradition and Excellence

In conclusion, Sumatran coffee, as exemplified by FnB Tech, offers a sensory journey through the heart of Indonesia’s coffee culture. Its fresh and nutty fragrance, herbal and spicy flavor with a touch of mild caramel sweetness, and medium acidity create a truly unique and satisfying coffee experience. From its patient journey from flower to berry to its cultivation in the lush highlands of Sumatra, every aspect of Sumatran coffee production contributes to its exceptional quality. Whether you savor it as a daily ritual or a special treat, Sumatran coffee invites you to explore the rich heritage and dedication that make it one of the world’s most cherished coffee varieties.